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Tsuru Shima

Tsuru Shima Lighthouse (Matsuyama city, Ehime prefecture)

Commissioning date : June 15, 1873
Color : White
Construction Material : Stone
Light Character : Al   Fl  R  16s
Luminous Intensity : 75,000 cd (Red)
                               340,000 cd (White)
Range : 20.5 M
Height : 10.3 m
Height above sea level : 58.2 m
Lens : Revolving Light (Type LB-H 40)
Power source : Commercial power

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     The stone material for the light tower is granite brought over by ship from Tokuyama city, Yamaguchi prefecture and from Kurahashi island, Hiroshima prefecture. The material was then hauled a distance of 300 meters from the shore to the construction site by laying planks on the ground and using round logs and pulleys. The designer was R.H. Brunton.

     In April of 1867, the Osaka pact for the opening of the Hyogo port (December of the same year) was concluded between the shogunate and the diplomatic representative of England. This lighthouse is one of the 5 lighthouses of that time.

     Since Brunton and McVean, who were involved in the construction, did not eat Japanese food, all foodstuff including meat was sent from Kobe via Mitsuhama (Matsuyama city) and then by two rowboats since there were no motor-powered boats at that time. There were episodes that, when the food ran short because of inclement weather, they ate fruits picked on the island until the next vessel arrived.

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