Introduction

     The history of Japanese lighthouses, guideposts of the ocean, goes back 1200 years. It is said that their beginnings lie in the signal fires ('Noroshi') lit in the daytime and the bonfires ('Kagaribi') burnt at night as a signal to ships in the capes and islands of Kyushu.
     Throughout the country there are 67 lighthouses still functioning and in active use that were built in the Meiji era (1868-1912), the time of the founding of modern Japan. These lighthouses have both historic and cultural value, and are firmly established as symbols of the area in which they stand. Many are cultural assets.
     The Japanese Maritime Safety Agency established a committee consisting of experts who have assessed the value of each of these 67 lighthouses. It is feared that, because of their long history, the lighthouses may not have the strength to survive. We are striving to preserve them in suitable ways based on the evaluations of the committee.
     Here we introduce the 23 lighthouses which have been ranked 'A', lighthouses assessed to be of especially high value.


<Map>

No.

Lighthouse

Year

Material

Rank

1

Mikomoto Shima

1870

Stone

A

2

Esaki

1871

Stone

A

3

Tomoga Shima

1872

Stone

A

4

Nabe Shima

1872

Stone

A

5

Hesaki

1872

Stone

A

6

Suga Shima

1873

Brick

A

7

Tsuru Shima

1873

Stone

A

8

Inubo Saki

1874

Brick

A

9

Omae Saki

1874

Brick

A

10

Kinka San

1876

Stone

A

11

Shiriya Saki

1876

Brick

A

12

Tsuno Shima

1876

Stone

A

13

Shiono Misaki

1878

Stone

A

14

Rokko Saki

1883

Stone

A

15

Kura Saki

1884

Concrete

A

16

Ogi Shima

1895

Stone

A

17

Hime Saki

1896

Iron

A

18

Mihono Seki

1898

Stone

A

19

Kyoga Misaki

1898

Stone

A

20

Muroto Misaki

1899

Iron

A

21

Izumo Hino Misaki

1903

Stone

A

22

Mizunoko Shima

1904

Stone

A

23

Shimizu

1912

R.Concrete

A